Document Comparison Chart: A Visual Comparison of Coded Text

This visualization works for several documents at one time and offers a sort of mix between the Document Portrait and the Codeline. Simply choose the documents and codes that you wish to include in the visualization by activating them before calling up the function.

Please note: Only texts, table and PDF documents can be analyzed with the Document Comparison Chart.

The Document Comparison Chart shows the documents in the rows, making it possible to compare the sequence of codes in each document. The cells show the codes that exist in each paragraph of each document with a bar assigned the same color as the code it represents. Each code that is present in the paragraph is represented by a colored section of the bar. If a code is used more than once in a paragraph, it is still only visualized once. To give you an idea of how this works, see the image below. In this example, you can see 10 paragraphs for three different documents. You can see that there were no coded segments in any of the documents in the first paragraph. In “Doc 1,” the first coded segments are in paragraph two, where two blue and one red code are visualized.

 12345678910
Text 1 ■ ■■ ■■ ■
Text 2■ ■
Text 3

If several codes appear in the same paragraph, the colors of both codes are listed in the cell of the chart provided for that paragraph. By default, each paragraph is the same width, regardless of how many characters it includes. In the case of several codes, the available space is assigned proportionally to the coded segments in the paragraph, taking into account how frequently a code has been assigned in the paragraph – not how extensive the segment is. If a code occurs three times in the paragraph, another code only once, then the first code gets ¾ of the area, the second only ¼ of the area.

Like in Document Portrait, codes and colors must correspond in a meaningful way. Otherwise, the diagram will have no meaning for you.

You can open the Document Comparison Chart by selecting Document Comparison Chart via the Visual tools menu tab.

The visualization looks like this:

Example of a Document Comparison Chart

The Document Comparison Chart is particularly useful for the analysis of structured documents. In this case, all the documents have the same number of paragraphs and allow for a direct comparison. You are more or less looking at a Document Portrait for each selected document at the same time.

Interactive links with to the sources

As in all visualizations, the symbols representing the coded segments are interactive, meaning you can jump directly to the coded segments in the original document in the “Document Browser” by double-clicking on the symbol.

Standardize document length

In order to be able to compare texts of different lengths for the sequences of their coded segments, the Document Comparison Chart offers the Standardize Document Length option , which you can find as a symbol at the far left of the toolbar. Activating this function means that MAXQDA does not present the analyzed texts in paragraphs but divides them into 100 sections with equal length and visualizes the coded segments present in each section.

Adjust window width

Activating the option Fit to window width compresses the display horizontally to fit your window. This is particularly useful for publications in which the entire coding process of several documents needs to be displayed on one page.

Usually, you will use this option together with standardized document lengths, so that all documents in the window can be compared directly with each other, even if they are of different sizes.

The slider in the toolbar can be used to adjust the width of the columns, i.e. the “resolution” of the subdivision with vertical lines.

Store view in Questions – Themes – Theories

In the Questions – Themes – Theories window, you can collect and comment on all the important results of your project. Click the Send to QTT Worksheet icon in the upper right corner to save the current view in a new or existing worksheet.

Exporting the Document Comparison Chart as an image file

In the toolbar, there are three icons on the right that can be used to export the display:

Copy current display as an image to clipboard – Copies the visible area to the clipboard so that you can easily paste the results into reports or presentations by, for example, using Ctrl+V (Windows) or ⌘+V (macOS).

Open as Excel table – Exports the complete matrix with the frequencies as an Excel file and opens it. The frequencies in the cells correspond to the number of codes assigned in this section.

Export – Exports the complete matrix with the frequencies in Excel or HTML format. The frequencies in the cells correspond to the number of codes assigned in this section. Exporting as a graphics file is also possible.

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