The “Overview of Focus Group Speakers” provides important information about the individual speaker, such as the number and scope of their respective contributions, and also allows you to store additional information about each speaker in the form of variables. To access the overview, right-click on a focus group in the “Document System” and choose Overviews > Focus Group Speakers.
The following window will open:
The first three columns are used to identify the participants and their respective focus group transcript, including the color assigned to each speaker. The table shows the amount of contributions of the individual persons. For example, you can see from the table above that Andy made the most contributions to the focus group, with the exception of “Moderator”, and with about 28% spoke the most words.
In top of the window there are several icons. Besides the typical functions for export and filtering there are some specific ones for focus group analysis:
Only activated focus group speaker – Reduces rows to those of participants activated in the “Document System”. This is especially handy if you want to exclude moderators from the overview: Activate only the other participants in the “Document System” window and click the icon. The percentages in the table will be calculated for the filtered persons only.
Statistics – Presents the values of all the columns displayed in a frequency table or chart, excluding the “speaker” and “focus group” columns. More information on frequency tables and charts can be found here.
Data Editor – Turns on the Variable View, in which the variable values are visible.
List of Variables – Switches to Variable View, where you can define new variables and adjust and edit existing variables. More information on the use of variables in focus group analysis is provided below.
Editing Variables for Focus Group Speaker
You can store background information for each participant in a focus group for selective analyses and comparisons; for example, comparing the statements of older and younger participants. First open the “Overview of Focus Group Speakers” from the context menu in the “Document System” (either at the top level for all focus groups in the project, or at the level of a document group containing several focus group transcripts, or at the level of a single focus group).
As seen above, the default overview contains multiple columns of information that MAXQDA compiles for the participants. You can add more columns for information such as, for example, age, profession, or professional rank.
Creating new variables
Adding new variables is done in the same way as in other overviews of variables in MAXQDA:
- Click on the List of Variables iconto switch to Variable View.
- Next, click on the New Variable icon.
A new window will appear, in which you can define the name and type of the new variable.
After clicking OK, you will see that a line has been added with the newly added variable in Variable View.
Entering values for the participants
Click on Data Editor to return to the normal view. On the far right you will see a newly added column, in which you can enter values for each participant. The editable column can be easily recognized by its blue column heading, unlike the black headings of the columns automatically generated by MAXQDA.
The variable values for participants can be used:
- To activate only selected participants with specific values for further analysis or
- in a Crosstab for focus groups to compare groups of participants.
Importing speaker variables from Excel
MAXQDA can import speaker variables from XLS/X files. The data must be organized as follows:
|Speaker||Focus Group||Variable 1||…||Variable N|
|Speaker A||Document name||Value of Variable 1 for Speaker A||…||Value of Variable N for Speaker A|
|Speaker B||Document name||Value of Variable 1 for Speaker B||…||Value of Variable N for Speaker B|
The first and second column serve the unambiguous assignment of variable values to a speaker, so these columns and their headings are mandatory. Each line must designate a speaker and the corresponding focus group in the corresponding column.
Only when a speaker, who matches this information exactly, is found in the MAXQDA project will the data will be imported. You can add as many variables as required in the subsequent columns.
After preparing and saving the import data, you can then start the import procedure by going to Variables > Import Speaker Variables. Alternatively, you can click on the Import data button in the the “Overview of Focus Group Speakers”.
A dialog field appears in which you can specify the source and target variables along with the type of variables to be imported.
MAXQDA does the following during the import:
- All variables in the import file that did not yet exist in the MAXQDA project are created.
- Variables that already existed will be updated with the new values in the import file.